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مطالب آموزشی زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی

Max Horkheimer and Critical Theory

مطالب آموزشی ادبیات و زبان انگلیسی

Horkheimer studied philosophy at the University of Frankfurt, where he received his Ph.D. degree in 1922. In 1930, after four years as lecturer in social philosophy at Frankfurt, he was named director of the university’s newly founded Institute for Social Research. Under his leadership, the institute attracted an extraordinarily talented array of philosophers and social scientists-including Theodor Adorno, Eric Fromm, Leo Löwenthal, Herbert Marcuse, ...

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General Information about the IELTS Writing Test

مطالب آموزشی ادبیات و زبان انگلیسی

IELTS writing test is a direct test of writing in which tasks are communicative and contextualized with a specified audience, purpose and genre, reflecting the recent developments in writing research. There is no choice of topics; however, IELTS states that it continuously pre-tests the topics to ensure comparability and equality. IELTS has both academic and general training modules consisting of ...

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Types of Summative Assessment

مطالب آموزشی ادبیات و زبان انگلیسی

Unlike formative assessment, summative assessment is concerned with final assessment of the learners’ performance. Below, some types of this kind of assessment are presented: Exams (major, high-stakes exams) Final-term exams (a truly summative assessment) Term papers (drafts presente during the semester would be  considered as a  formative assessment) Projects (project given at different  completion points could be  considered formatively assessed) ...

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Types of Formative Assessment

مطالب آموزشی ادبیات و زبان انگلیسی

According to Isavi, (2012), the most common forms of formative assessment during instruction are the following: Homework exercises which are considered as an overview of  exams and class discussions Reflections journals which are reviewed periodically by the learners during the semester Inquiries and replies  sessions, both formal-planned and informal-spontaneous Meeting between the teacher  and learner at different  points in the ...

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The Importance of Writing

مطالب آموزشی ادبیات و زبان انگلیسی

Writing has a special position in language teaching and learning because the acquisition of writing is dependent on the practice and knowledge of other three language skills. Furthermore, it requires mastering of other skills as well. Learners are required to set an objective for their writing, plan it carefully, think over its layout and logical structure, and revise it. According ...

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Classification of Language Learning Strategies

مطالب آموزشی ادبیات و زبان انگلیسی

Since 1970s when language learning strategies have gained popularity in research, different classifications of them have been proposed. Each of these classification systems involves a theory about the nature of language learning strategies and even about second language learning in general. However, the study done by Hsiao and Oxford (2002) showed that among the existing classification systems Oxford’s taxonomy, which ...

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Definition of language learning strategies

مطالب آموزشی ادبیات و زبان انگلیسی

The early studies of good language learner indicated that students’ active involvement in the learning process through the application of learning strategies is an effective factor which leads to their success. Language learning strategies have been defined by different scholars. According to Rubin “strategies are techniques or devices which a learner may use to acquire knowledge”. From O’Malley and Chamot’s ...

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